بررسی رابطه عزت نفس و تعهد سازمانی با توجه به نقش تعدیل گری حس همدلی کارکنان(مورد مطالعه: سازمان فنی و حرفه‌ای استان اصفهان)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه مدیریت بازرگانی گرایش مدیریت منابع انسانی دانشکده اقتصاد، مدیریت و حسابداری دانشگاه یزد

2 دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت دولتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اصفهان(خوراسگان)، اصفهان، ایران.

چکیده

چکیده
مقدمه و هدف: پژوهش حاضر با هدف تعیین رابطه عزت نفس و تعهد سازمانی با توجه به متغیر تعدیلگر حس همدلی کارکنان سازمان فنی و حرفه­ای استان اصفهان انجام شد.
روش شناسی: روش حاضر توصیفی بود. جامعه آماری همه کارکنان سازمان فنی و حرفه­ای استان اصفهان بودند که در نیمه دوم 1396 به تعداد 652 نفر گزارش گردید. حجم نمونه­ی بر اساس جدول مورگان به تعداد 242 انتخاب شدند. ابزار جمع­آوری داده­ها به ترتیب پرسشنامه­های استاندارد تعهد سازمانی آلن و مایر (1990) با 24 گویه، عزت نفس آیزنک (1976) با 30 گویه، حس همدلی، بارون – کوهن (2003) با 24 گویه، بود. پس از تأیید روایی صوری و محتوایی پایایی پرسشنامه­ها در ویژگی­های تعهد سازمانی، عزت نفس و حس همدلی بیشتر از 7/0 که نشان از مناسب ابزار اندازه­گیری تحقیق بود. داده­ها با نرم افزار SPSS24 از طریق سطح آمار توصیفی و استنباطی مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت.
یافته­ها: یافته­ها نشان داد که بین متغیرهای عزت نفس و تعهد سازمانی همبستگی معنی­داری وجود دارد (05/0>P) و متغیر حس همدلی می­تواند بین متغیرهای عزت نفس و تعهد سازمانی نقش تعدیلگر ایفا کند (05/0>P). تفاوت معنی­داری در گروه­های سنی پاسخ­دهنده به سوالات پرسشنامه­های پژوهش در تعهد سازمانی وجود دارد (05/0>P). ولی در دو متغیر حس همدلی و عزت نفس تفاوت معنی­داری در پاسخ­دهی هیچ یک از گروه­های سنی کارکنان سازمان فنی و حرفه­ای استان اصفهان وجود ندارد. تفاوت معنی­داری بین نظرات پاسخگویان زن و مرد در میزان تعهد سازمانی وجود دارد (05/0>P). ولی در متغیرهای عزت نفس و حس همدلی تفاوت معنی­داری وجود ندارد (05/0>P). تفاوت معنی­داری در نمرات حس همدلی گروه­های تحصیلی متفاوت در کارکنان سازمان  فنی و حرفه­ای استان اصفهان وجود دارد (05/0>P). تفاوت معنی­داری در پاسخ­دهی هیچ یک از گروه­های پاسخگو با سابقه­های شغلی متفاوت در متغیرهای تعهد سازمانی، عزت نفس و حس همدلی در کارکنان سازمان فنی و حرفه­ای استان اصفهان وجود ندارد (05/0>P).
نتیجه گیری:  رابطه بین عزت نفس و تعهد سازمانی با درنظر گرفتن نقش تعدیل گر حس همدلی کارکنان تایید شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the relationship between self-esteem and organizational commitment with regard to the mediating variable of empathetic sense among staff members in the General Department of Technical and Vocational Education in Isfahan Province

نویسندگان [English]

  • maryam ahmadi zahrani 1
  • mohammadreza barat 2
1 yazd university
2 Master of Science Graduated Student, Department of Management, Islamic Azad University Esfahan (Khorasgan) Branch
چکیده [English]

Abstract
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between self-esteem and organizational commitment according to the organizational empowerment moderator variable in the General Department of Technical and Vocational Education in Isfahan province. The present method is a descriptive (analytic study type) with inductive logic. The statistical population of this study was all professional and technical staff of Isfahan province. In the second half of 1396, 652 people were reported. The sample size was selected on the basis of Morgan's table of 242 people and were selected by available sampling method. The instruments for collecting data were Alan and Meyer (1990) with 24 items, Ison Ezzenck (1976) with 30 items, Empathy, Baron-Cohen (2003) with 24 items, respectively. After verifying the formal and content validity of the questionnaires, the organizational commitment, self-esteem and empathy were more than 0.7, which, according to the number of questions, indicated that the instrument was accurately measured in the research. Data were analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics using SPSS24 software. The results showed that there is a significant correlation between organizational commitment, empathy and self-esteem variables (p <0.05) and empathy variable can play a moderating role between self-esteem and organizational commitment (p <0/01) . The results showed that there is a significant difference in age groups responding to research questionnaires in organizational commitment (P <0.05). But in the two variables of empathy and self-esteem, there is no significant difference in the response of any of the age groups of employees of Isfahan Technical and Vocational Organization. There is a significant difference between the opinions of male and female respondents in the level of organizational commitment . But there is no significant difference in the variables of self-esteem and empathy (P <0.05). There is a significant difference in the scores of empathy of different educational groups in the staff of Isfahan Technical and Vocational Organization (P <0.05). There is no significant difference in the response of any of the respondent groups with different work histories in the variables of organizational commitment, self-esteem and empathy in the staff of Isfahan 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Organizational Commitment
  • Self-esteem
  • empathetic sense
  • technical and vocational organization
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