Identification and Prioritization of the Factors Effecting on Establishment Knowledge Management (KM) and its Relationship to Competitive Advantage and Organizational Performance

Document Type : Research Paper

Author

Abstract

The present study with the aim Identification and Prioritization of the Factors Effecting on Establishment Knowledge Management (KM) and its relationship to competitive advantage and organizational performance in NIGTC – ZONE 1. The statistical population of this study is composed of all bachelor staff to up with at least 5 years work. Whose number is equal to 300. Which according to Morgan’s table, the sample size is 169, which were selected by random sampling method and questionnaires were distributed among them. Questionnaire reliability was confirmed by combinational test methods and a Cronbach's alpha test. Questionnaire validity was confirmed in terms of content validity, diagnostic validity, construct validity and convergent validity. The Shapiro–Wilk test was conducted in order to test the normality of the variables and, structural equation modeling and was conducted in order to test the hypotheses. Results showed among the factors affecting on implementation knowledge management with competitive advantage and organizational performance have a significant relationship. Also, among the factors affecting on implementation knowledge management؛ human resources, strategy and objectives, organizational culture, organizational structure and infrastructure had the greatest impact on competitive advantage. And among the factors affecting on implementation knowledge management ؛Infrastructure, human resources, strategy and objectives, organizational culture and organizational structure, had the greatest impact on organizational performance. Also, among the factors competitive advantage of the time, cost, flexibility greatest impact on organizational performance. Among the factors affecting on implementation knowledge management, human resources, infrastructure, strategy and objectives, organizational culture and organizational structure were ranked .

Keywords


-           Allameh, M. and  Zareh, M. (2008).” Investigated the relationship between knowledge management & Innovation and organizational performance”. 1th International conference for creative and initiative. Tehran. (In Persian)
-          Arkedanie, s. and et al.(2010). “Investigated the relationship between knowledge management and competitive advantage”. International management conference for Iranian organization, Isfahan Branch, Islamic Azad University. (In Persian)
-          Aurum, Adam., Daneshgar, Frank., & Ward, Jahn. (2008). Investigating Knowledge Management in Software Development Organizations’: An Australian Experience. Information and Software Technology, Elsevier, Vol.50,No.3.
-          Choi, Ben., Lee. Howard. (2003). “An empirical investigation of knowledge management styles and thief effect on corporate performance”.​It is available on: http: //www.elsevier.science.com.
-          Dalirpour, M. and  Yagoubie, S. (2013). “Developing model for investigate the effect of knowledge management on organizational learning and innovation”. 10th  International conference of industrial engineering, Tehran. (In Persian)
-          Dingsoyr, Ted., Conradi, Rabert. (2008). A Survey of Case Studies of the Use of Knowledge Management in Software Engineering. International Journal of Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering, Vol. 12, No. 4.
-          Elaykanie, H. and Fekrie, R. (2014). “Modeling for innovative with knowledge management approach” . International management conference for 21 century, Tehran. (In Persian)
-          Fakheradinie, H. and et al. (2010).”Knowledge management and knowledge innovation and performance in SME”. Journal of business approach. Vol. 35 No. 2 pp 96-122. (In Persian)
-          Lagvardie, J. and et al. (2010). “Investigate the role of knowledge management on competitive advantage”. 1th International conference for management and innovation. Shiraz. (In Persian)
-          Motamediefar, M. (2014). “Investigated the relationship between technical factors of knowledge management and competitive advantage”. 1th International conference for entrepreneurship. Tehran. (In Persian)
-          Omidvar, R. (2014). “ Investigate critical factors for success in knowledge management”. International conference for business development, Tehran. (In Persian)
-          Safarzadeh, H. and et al (2012). “Investigate the effect of knowledge management strategy on organizational performance”. Journal of Toloe. Vol. 11 No. 1 pp 64-81. (In Persian)
-          Tavalaie, R. and et al (2013). “Developing new model for knowledge network with global approach”. Journal of study for globalization. Vol. 4 No. 13 pp. 46-59. (In Persian)
-          Vaccaro,Antonio., Veloso, Frank. (2010). knowledge management tools, inter organizational relationship, innovation and firm performance. An Australian Experience. Information and Software Technology, Elsevier, Vol.25,No.2.
-          Vedadie, A. and  Abdolalian, H.(2011).” Investigated the relationship between knowledge management and organizational innovation in human resources”. Journal of human resource management. Vol. 16 No. 3 pp 51-69. (In Persian)
  • Receive Date: 18 February 2016
  • Revise Date: 03 October 2016
  • Accept Date: 29 August 2017
  • First Publish Date: 29 August 2017