اثربخشی آموزش معلمان در مدیریت مؤثر کلاس درس بر پیامدهای شناختی: ادراک از محیط یادگیری و زمان انجام تکلیف

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مدیرت آموزشی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی،دانشگاه سمنان،سمنان،ایران

2 استاد دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی. دانشگاه سمنان،سمنان،ایران

3 دانشیار دانشکده روان‌شناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه سمنان،سمنان،ایران

چکیده

مقدمه و هدف: هدف پژوهش حاضر تعیین اثربخشی برنامه مداخله آموزش معلمان در مدیریت مؤثر کلاس درس بر پیامدهای شناختی(ادراک از محیط یادگیری و زمان انجام تکلیف) دانش آموزان مدارس ابتدایی شهر سمنان بود.
روش شناسی پژوهش: جامعه آماری پژوهش شامل همه معلمان دارای سابقه زیر 10 سال و دانش آموزان کلاس­های درس آن­ها در دوره دوم (پایه­های چهارم تا ششم) مدارس ابتدایی شهر سمنان در سال تحصیلی(98-97) بود. شرکت­کنندگان در برنامه مداخله40  نفر از معلمان و دانش آموزان کلاس­های درس آن­ها  به تعداد 1200 نفر بودند که به شیوه تصادفی ساده انتخاب شدند و به دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل(20 نفر برای هر گروه) تقسیم شدند. برنامه مداخله آموزشی مدیریت مؤثر کلاس برای معلمان گروه آزمایش طی 15 جلسه دوساعته اجرا شد .کلیه دانش آموزان در کلاس­های درس پرسشنامه ادراک از فعالیت­های کلاس درس جنتری گابل و ریزا(2001) را تکمیل کردند. زمان انجام تکلیف دانش آموزان در کلاس­های درس هردو گروه آزمایش و کنترل  توسط مشاهده گران تعلیم­دیده اندازه­گیری شد. از آزمون تحلیل کوواریانس اندازه­های تکراری چند متغیری برای تحلیل داده­ها استفاده شد. داد­ه­ها به صورت دو­ماهه پیگیری شد.
یافته­ ها: بررسی دو گروه ا­ز ­­نظر میانگین ادراک از محیط یادگیری و زمان انجام تکلیف در مرحله پس آزمون و پیگیری، حاکی از افزایش در ادراک از محیط یادگیری در ابعاد علاقه ، انتخاب و چالش انگیزی بود. همچنین زمان انجام تکلیف در گروه آزمایش در پس آزمون و پیگیری به شکل معناداری بیشتر از گروه کنترل بود(001/.P<). آموزش طی یک دوره زمانی دو­ماهه ثبات داشت.
 بحث و نتیجه ­گیری: توانمند­سازی معلمان در راهبرهای مدیریت مؤثر کلاس­ درس نقش مهمی در افزایش پیامدهای شناختی در دانش­آموزان دارد. تلویحات کاربردی یافته‌ها مورد بحث قرار گرفت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Teachers’ Traininig in Effective Classroom Management on Cognitive Outcomes :perceptions of classroom environment and time on task

نویسندگان [English]

  • Tahere Heidarilaghab 1
  • ali akbar aminbeidokhti 2
  • siavash talepasand 3
1 Phd Student of Educational Management, Semnan University,Semnan,Iran
2 Professor of Educational Management, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sience, Semnan University,Semnan,Iran
3 Associate Professor of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sience. Semnan University, Semnan,Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of teachers’ traininig in effective classroom management on cognitive outcomes (perceptions of classroom environment and time on task.
research methodology: Research plan, experimental pretest-posttest control group with follow-up testing was used. The population of this research included all teachers with work experience under 10 years from seaman elemetry secondary schools(fourth to sixth grades) and their  class students . The participants of intervention program were 40  teachers chosen and participated in random replacement method in experimental and control groups(each group, n=20). All  students in both groups completed the questionnaire of Genty and Gable’s Perception of Classroom Activities. Time on task was measured by traind observers in all 40 classes. Then, the intervention was performed for the teachers in experimental group during 15 two hours sessions. Multivariate repeated measures analysis of covariance was used to analyze the data. Data were also followed for two months.
Findings: The investigation of two groups in terms of mean in perceptions of classroom environment through the tools used in the post-test and follow-up showed an increase in Interest, Challenge and Choice in the group after the intervention (p<.001).Also the average of time on task in experimental group was significently higher in both post and follow up test (p<.001). Moreover, the results proved to be stable in a time lapse of two months
Conclusion Understanding the effective learning environment needs knowledge and recognition of a set of techniques that can be learned and applied
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • teacher training
  • Classroom management
  • perceptions of classroom environment
  • time on task
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