1-Aali, M., Narenji Thani, F., Keramati, M. R., & Garavand, A. (2020). A Model for Effectiveness of E-learning at University. Journal of Information Technology Management, 12(4), 121-140.
2-Abili kh., Narenji F., Mostafavi Z. (2018) . Identifying the competencies of teaching assistants in the e-learning teaching process: Qualitative research. Quarterly Journal of Training & Development of Human Resources,5(16), 1-20. Persian
3-Alikhani, M., Chizari, M., Bijeni, M., & Abbasi, A. (2018). Elements of basic qualification of agricultural educators when teaching students with special needs. 7th national congress of extension and training of farmers in natural resources and sustainable environment, Bu-Ali Sina University
4-Arango-Morales, A. J., Delgado-Cruz, A., & Tamayo-Salcedo, A. L. (2020). Digital Competence of Tourism Students: Explanatory Power of Professional Training. European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education, 10(1), 310-326.
5-Arkorful V, & Abaidoo N (2015). The role of e-learning, advantages and disadvantages of its adoption in higher education. International Journal of Instructional Technology and Distance Learning; 12 (1): 29-42 http://itdl.org/Journal/Jan_15/Jan15.pdf#page=33
6-Arthur-Nyarko, E.(2017).Learner Demographic, Resource Characteristics, and Responsiveness to eLearning Delivery in Selected Distance Education Institutions in Ghana.
7-Astafieva, M. M., Zhyltsov, O. B., Proshkin, V. V., & Lytvyn, O. S. (2020). E-learning as a mean of forming students' mathematical competence in a research-oriented educational process.
8-Beaudoin, M., Kurtz, G., & Eden, S. (2009). Experiences and opinions of e-learners: What works, what are the challenges, and what competencies ensure successful online learning. Interdisciplinary Journal of E-Learning and Learning Objects, 5(1), 275-289.
9-Bhat,A.(2020).An Overview of Digital Competence the Vital 21st-CenturySkill for Teachers and Students, Mukt Shabd Journal, 6(1) , 6-18
10-Bhagat, K. K., Wu, L. Y., & Chang, C. Y. (2019). The impact of personality on students' perceptions towards online learning. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 35(4).
11-Boyatzis, R., & Boyatzis, R. E. (2008). Competencies in the 21st century. Journal of management development, 2(1) , 5-12
12-Cigdem, H. (2014). Effects of students’ characteristics on online learning readiness: A vocational college example. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, 15(3), 80-93.
13-Dilmaç, S. (2020). Students’ Opinions about the Distance Education to Art and Design Courses in the Pandemic Process. World Journal of Education, 10(3), 113-126.
14-Draganidis, F., & Mentzas, G. (2006). Competency based management: a review of systems and approaches. Information management & computer security,12(1),51-64
15-Fondo, M., & Withanachchi, S.(2019). Crossing Borders in Business and Economics Classrooms: Implementing Telecollaboration to Advance Diversity and 21st Century Skills. In Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society, 30, 110-118.
16-Handke, L., Costa, P. L., Klonek, F. E., O’Neill, T. A., & Parker, S. K(2020. Team perceived virtuality: an emergent state perspective. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology,29(5),1-15.
17-Hodges, A. H. (2009). Corporate e-learning: How three healthcare companies implement and measure the effectiveness of e-learning (Doctoral dissertation, University of Alabama Libraries).of e-learning [Doctoral dissertation], University of Alabama Libraries.
18-Hosseini, H.(2013). Disorders of e-learning system in Iran and solutions to solve it. Educational Monthly-Education Information, 100. Persian
19-Ibrahim, M., Heidjen, B.(2019). Learner Characteristics’ Factors and their Relationship with Drop-Out in Distance Learning: The Case of the Arab Open University in Saudi Arabia Riyadh Branch, scientific research publishing,10(2),199-212
20-Infante-Moro, A., Infante-Moro, J. C., & Gallardo-Pérez, J. (2019). The importance of ICTs for students as a competence for their future professional performance: The case of the faculty of business studies and tourism of the University of Huelva. Journal of New Approaches in Educational Research (NAER Journal), 8(2), 201-213.
21-Kim, D. M., & Lee, T. W. (2019). A Study on Development of the Digital Competence Measurement Tool for University Student. Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information, 24(12), 191-199.
22-Kołodziejczak, B., & Roszak, M. (2017). ICT competencies for academic e-learning. Preparing students for distance education-authors’ proposal. International Journal of Information and Communication Technologies in Education, 6(3), 14-25.
23-Lee, Y., & Choi, J. (2011). A review of online course dropout research: Implications for practice and future research. Educational Technology Research and Development, 59(5), 593-618.
24-Ley, K., & Young, D. B. (2001). Instructional principles for self-regulation. Educational Technology Research and Development, 49(2), 93-103.
25-Liu, Y., & Wang, H. (2009). A comparative study on e‐learning technologies and products: from the East to the West. Systems Research and Behavioral Science: The Official Journal of the International Federation for Systems Research, 26(2), 191-209.
26-López-Meneses, E., Sirignano, F. M., Vázquez-Cano, E., & Ramírez-Hurtado, J. M. (2020). University students’ digital competence in three areas of the DigCom 2.1 model: A comparative study at three European universities. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 36(3), 69-88.
27-Majidi, A.(2009). E-learning, history, features, infrastructure and barriers. Book Quarterly, 20 (78). Persian
28-Maksyutova, N.,Zolotyh, N.(2020).Digital Competence of college students. Knowledge Management & E-Learning,12(1),17-28
29-Masinde, M..(2018). Influence of learner characteristics on information communication technology distance education programmes . university of science and technology, 9(1),47-63
31-Mir Kamali, F. (2016). Investigating the situation of factors related to e-learning in Mehr Alborz Higher Education Institute. Master Thesis, Mehralborz Higher Education Institute. Persian
32-Mirke, E., Kašparová, E., & Cakula, S. (2019). Adults’ readiness for online learning in the Czech Republic and Latvia (digital competence as a result of ICT education policy and information society development strategy). Periodicals of Engineering and Natural Sciences (PEN), 7(1), 205-215.
33-Musso, M. F., Boekaerts, M., Segers, M., & Cascallar, E. C. (2019). Individual differences in basic cognitive processes and self-regulated learning: their interaction effects on math performance. Learning and individual Differences, 71, 58-70.
34-Ojaghi, N. O., Esmaeili, Z., Sarmadi, M. R., & Saeidipour, B. (2017). Identify and Analyze The Components Affecting The Students’ Retention in E-learning Environment.
35-Parkes, M., Reading, C., & Stein, S. (2013). The competencies required for effective performance in a university e-learning environment. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 29(6).
36-Pham, Q. T., & Huynh, M. C. (2018). Learning achievement and knowledge transfer: the impact factor of e-learning system at Bach Khoa University, Vietnam. International Journal of Innovation: IJI Journal, 6(3), 194-206.
37-Pham, Q. T., & Tran, T. P. (2020). The acceptance of e-learning systems and the learning outcome of students at universities in Vietnam. Knowledge Management & E-Learning: An International Journal, 12(1), 63-84.
38-Puspitasari, K. A., & Oetoyo, B. (2018). Successful students in an open and distance learning system. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, 19(2), 189-200.
39-Regmi, K., & Jones, L. (2020). A systematic review of the factors–enablers and barriers–affecting e-learning in health sciences education. BMC medical education, 20, 1-18.
40-Richter, T., & Adelsberger, H. H. (2011, June). E-Learning: Education for Everyone? Special Requirements on Learners in Internet-based Learning Environments. In EdMedia+ Innovate Learning (pp. 1598-1604). Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE).
41-Safaee Movahed S. and Mohabbat.H [Translation of E-Learning]Naidu S. (Author). . Tehran: Iran Industrial Research & Training Center . 2011. [in Persian].
42-Sáiz, F. B., Bernath, U., & Sangra, A. (2006). e‐Competence of Online Students of the Humanities at UOC. ASF Series, 13, 71-90.
43-Sánchez-Caballé, A., Gisbert Cervera, M., & Esteve-Mon, F. M. (2020). The digital competence of university students: a systematic literature review.
44-Rooij, S. W., & Zirkle, K. (2016). Balancing pedagogy, student readiness and accessibility: A case study in collaborative online course development. The Internet and Higher Education, 28, 1-7.
45-Seraji, F.(2013). Identification and classification of skills required by virtual students. Two scientific-research quarterly journals of Shahed University,20 (2), 90-75
46-Seraji, F; Yar Mohammadi Wasel, M.(2011). Preparation and validation of tools for measuring the readiness of the learner to enter electronic courses. Educational Size Quarterly,3(1),4-12[in Persian]
47-Sugawara, R., Okuhara, S., & Sato, Y. (2020). Study about the Aptitude-Treatment Interaction between Learning Using the e-Learning System and Learning Type of Learner. International Journal of Information and Education Technology, 10(7), 488-493.
48-Sunkara, V. M., & Kurra, R. R. (2017). An analysis of learner satisfaction and needs on e-learning systems. International Journal of Computational Intelligence Research, 13(3), 433-444.
49-Vandana, M., & Omidian, F. (2011). Examining students’ attitudes towards e-learning: A case from India. Malaysian Journal of Educational Technology, 11(2), 13-18.